Abdomen-Visible Human

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The vertebral column runs from the neck to the pelvis (hips). It includes the 7 cervical vertebrae of the neck, 12 thoracic vertebrae which articulate posteriorly with the ribs, 5 lumbar vertebrae of the lower back, the sacrum which consists of 5 fused bones, and is responsible for transmitting the weight of the body to the hips, and the coccyx - 2-4 fused bones which form the vestigal remains of a tail. The column protects the spinal cord, the small greyish oval present within the bone.

Key points in this image
kidney | colon | small intestine | erector spinae | psoas major | quadratus lumborum | oblique muscles | rectus abdominus |
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Information
Module Name: a_vm1640
Module Title: Abdomen-Visible Human
Image Info: Transverse section through the abdomen
Created by: Lynn Bry
Contact Email:bryl@medicine.wustl.edu
Last modified: Feb 2nd, 1997 introduction=This transverse sectiion lies approximately 5cm above the umbilicus (belly button). Note the posterior location of the kidneys, and their encasement in the perirenal fat. Segments of small intestine and colon may also be seen. Small bowel can be distinguished from the colon by it's narrower bore, and smaller lumen. This particular section cuts through the ascending colon, seen on the right, the transverse colon, located in the middle, and the descending colon shown posteriorly on the left side of the body. Click on 'colon' in the key points listed below to have these features outlined in the image.

Muscles of interest include the psoas major and quadratus lumborum muscles, the erector spinae muscles of the back, and the muscles of the anterior abdominal wall: external and internal obliques, transversus abdominus, and rectus abdominus muscles.


Created with Annotation 1.0