|MadSci Network: Chemistry|
The short answer to your question is that the density of plain mild steel is 7.85. The long answer is that depending on where you look, or the grade of steel that you are talking about can change this value. A density of 7.88 is often quoted for mild steel as well. If you add alloying elements such as tungsten, chrome or manganese to improve the steel, the density will change. So the long answer is that the density of steel can vary between 7.75 and 8.05. To calculated the mass of steel, you can work on the basis that steel weighs 0.283 lb/cu in. So... a) 1 lb of steel is 1/0.283 = 3.5 cu in. b) To calculate the mass of a steel plate, take the dimensions in inches and then, width x thickness x length x 0.283 = lbs of steel. Unfortunately, I was not able to find any internet sites that has a list of references for densities of other materials.
Try the links in the MadSci Library for more information on Chemistry.
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