### Re: Boyle's Law and how to demonstrate it

Date: Mon Jan 24 19:33:34 2000
Posted By: Michael Weibel, Battelle Chemist
Area of science: Physics
ID: 948595413.Ph
Message:
```
Doug,
here are a few examples that may work for you.

1)  automobile engine.  The volume of the cylinder is constant (piston at
rest) when the gas/air mixture is initially ignited.  The pressure rises
in this region because several molecules of gaseous products are formed
from a smaller number of molecules of air and gasoline.  the force of the
gas pressure pushed the piston out (volume increasing) until the end of
the stroke (envision the crankshaft).  Another set of cylinders fires at
this point, driving the piston upwards decreasing the volume and
compressing the gas in the cylinder.  this "push" removes the combustion
products.  This example shows the balance between pressure and volume.

2)  2L soda bottle crush.  Pass around an empty (and sealed) 2L soda
bottle.  Ask students to crush it...they'll have a problem doing it.  Pour
boiling water in, cap the bottle quickly, and immerse in a cold water
bath.  Try this out before demo-ing, but it should work.  I've seen this
done with paint thinner cans too.  What happens is that the water vapor
condenses, dropping the pressure inside the bottle.  The volume of the
bottle changes to accomodate the pressure difference.

3)  potato chips on the airplane.  Airplane cabins are pressurized at less
than atmospheric pressure.  At 35000 feet (fairly typical cruising
altitude for a large airliner), atmospheric pressure is probably about 50%
or less that at sea level.  Food that is packaged at sea level and sealed
will then expand against the lower pressure in the cabin of the plane.

make sure to check out:  UofWisconsin

It is a great UofWisconsin site with descriptions of many useful demos.
The expanding marshmallow is a favorite of mine.  Shakashiri's book
(referenced there in many places) is the classic book on chem demos.

Hope this works for you.  feel free to email me at weibelm@battelle.org if
you have further questions.

Best Regards,
Mike

```

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