|MadSci Network: Zoology|
Collembola, Diptera and Coleoptera are 3 orders of insects that have members that exhibit bioluminescence. Collembola are commonly known as springtails and not much is known about the bioluminescent properties of this insect. Several immature Diptera (flies) exhibit bioluminescence and they are commonly known as fungus gnats. The larvae live in very dark places or caves and they spin webs to catch other small insects which are attracted by their glow. The most widely known insect to exhibit bioluminescence is the firefly which really is not a fly but a beetle in the order Coleoptera. They use their lights primarily to find one another. Reference: Borror, D.J., D.M. DeLong and C.A. Triplehorn. 1981. An Introduction to the Study of Insects. Saunders College Publishing.
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