|MadSci Network: Physics|
Hi David, The question you have asked is a bit tricky :) , since you need a generator (as you have mentioned) which generates electricity in spurts ("jolt of electricity", as described by you). The coil and magnet experiment, is the basis of creating the mordern day generator. This produces electricity in a continuous manner. The principle of such generators is based on the fact that whenever a magnetic field is moved across a coil, the magnetic lines of force (or flux lines) are cut by the coil and electricity is generated as a result. The voltage generated by the experiment depends on the number of conductors (wires) present. Hence the more the number of conductors, the higher the voltage. The voltage produced also depends on the number of magnetic poles ( Note: Each magnet has 2 poles), the speed at which the magnets (or wires) rotate and the strength of the magnets. Rotating a simple generator (like the one you are referring to ) would not be able to produce a sufficient charge to give you a shock! There could be many methods employed to generate a high charge: 1) Adding a number of capacitors at the end of the generator wires would help store some of the excess charge. This excess charge can then be used to give a jolt (shock). 2) A simpler solution would be by using a piezoelectric material. This material generates voltage when subjected to mechanical stress ( when compressed). This is the basic principle of operation of household gas lighters (starters). The material can generate sufficient amount of electricity and by holding the two ends a high amount of shock may be experienced (DO NOT DO THIS AT HOME). As for your further question regarding discharging of the generator, the generator would lose all its charge once the rotation of the magnet ceases. The generator does not store any charge. So irrespective of whether you use the charge generated or not, you lose all the charge once the generator stops working. Hope this helps. Ill be glad to answer any doubts that I may have still not cleared. Nauzad
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