|MadSci Network: Engineering|
Hi David, This is a very involved question and I would like to refer you to specialized literature and scientific journals, which you can find in most university libraries. To give you an idea of what keywords to search for: A lot of work is done nowadays to shrink feature sizes of conventional litho- graphy. Look for submicron, nano-lithography. An application of this is single- electron circuitry. Another approach is to build devices, wires etc. directly by molecular means. Look for Buckyballs (Buckminster Fullerenes), nano-tubes, nano-wires, nano- technology (anything with "nano" really). According to current knowledge, it is impossible to break the laws of thermo- dynamics by any means. Generations of perpetuum mobile "inventors" have shown that and made fools out of themselves on the way. I hope you won't fall into the same mold. A technology closest to what you describe, building a power supply by using molecular means, is fuel cell technology. Feature sizes are huge in electronic terms, but what really happens is a chemical process on a special molecular membrane to convert Hydrogen directly into water and electricity. If you don't find what you need or if you have more questions, please feel free to contact me again. Greetings from Singapore, Frank Berauer
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