|MadSci Network: Botany|
An orchard is usually defined as place where fruit and nut trees are grown so there are easily over a hundred possible types of orchards. Trees grown for harvest of parts other than fruits or nuts are also often termed orchards, such as holly trees grown for cut Christmas greens or sugar maples tapped for maple sap. Coffee is also often referred to as an orchard crop. Forest trees that produce seed for commercial use are often termed seed orchards. Some pine seeds are edible and are sold in supermarkets as pine nuts. A lot of fruits and nuts do not grow on trees so they would not be considered orchard crops. Fruits and nuts that don't grow on trees include blueberry, cranberry, grape, kiwi, passionfruit, strawberry, peanut, pineapple, and pomegranate. Here are a few dozen orchard crops: Fruits: acerola, apple, apricot, avocado, banana, breadfruit, che, cherry, date, durian, elderberry, fig, grapefruit, guava, juneberry, jujube, kumquat, jackfruit, lemon, lime, loquat, lychee, mango, moya, mulberry, mayhaw, medlar, nectarine, olive, orange, papaya, peach, pear, persimmon, quince, raisin tree, sapodilla, starfruit or carombola, tamarind, tangelo, tangerine "Nuts": acorns (oak), almond, beechnut, buartnut (heartnut butternut hybrid), butternut, carob, cashew, chestnut, chinkapin, chocolate, cola nut, coconut, coffee, ginkgo, hazelnut, heartnut, hickory, hican (hickory pecan hybrid), macadamia, pecan, pine, pistachio, walnut If you include different species of the above, such as oriental persimmon and American persimmon, Persion walnut and black walnut, shagbark hickory and shellbark hickory, you will easily have over one hundred. References Holly Orcharding Where and How to Start a Coffee Orchard Tropical Fruit Rare Fruit Fact Sheets Minor Fruits and Nuts In Georgia Nut Grower's Manual Citrus
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