MadSci Network: Physics Query:

### Re: What is an example of e

Area: Physics
Posted By: John Christie, Faculty, School of Physical Chemistry, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia
Date: Sun Mar 23 22:00:05 1997
Message:

The yield from the Hiroshima bomb has been estimated at 6 * 10^13 joule. The value of c is close to 3 * 10^8 m/sec. The amount of mass converted must therefore be

6 * 10^13 = m * (3 * 10^8) ^2

giving m = 0.67 * 10^-3 kg, or 0.67 gram.

The molar mass of U-235 is given as 235.0439 g/mol.

A possible fission pathway might be to Ba-140 and Kr-92 and 3 neutrons. In the course of subsequent decay, the Ba-140 would become Ce-140, with molar mass 139.9053, and the Kr-92 would become Zr-92, with molar mass 91.9046. The molar mass of each neutron is 1.00867.

The overall equation then has molar mass changing from 235.0439 to 234.8359, amounting to a loss of 0.208 gram per mole. If this equation, and the published yield are anywhere near right, there must have been just over 3 mole of U-235 (about 800 gram) transmuted into fission products. The particular fission products I have chosen are particularly low energy ones. Other pathways may yield less energy, and I have also included the energy of subsequent beta-decay in the yield, which the original estimate probably did not. So I suspect that in practice rather more than 1 kg of U-235 was transmuted.

But the result of 0.67 gram of matter lost is a firm one.

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